Instalação de VMWare Server 1.8 em Debian Etch sem segredo

Nesse artigo trato sobre a instalação de um servidor Debian para virtualização de hosts sem segredo e possibilitando também um desempenho máximo nas máquinas virtuais.

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Por: Perfil removido em 24/09/2009


Introdução



Hoje um dos maiores problemas quanto a virtualizações é que quando ela é necessária, há muitas dúvidas em como usar e o que usar.

Nesse artigo trago uma das soluções mais conhecidas no mundo todo, que uso e recomendo para servidores virtuais, o VMWare Server.

O aplicativo é simples, funcional e traz uma customização muito fácil para aqueles que precisam gerenciá-lo.

O servidor não precisa ter ambiente gráfico e nada de pacotes indesejáveis. Faça a instalação mais crua possível, pois o que nos interessa é conseguir usar o máximo do servidor para as máquinas virtuais.

Então mãos na massa!

Download e instalação

O VMWare Server é uma ferramenta gratuita e pode ser baixado no site:
Nessa mesma página há um link onde pode ser feito um cadastro para obter a chave de instalação do mesmo.

Precisamos instalar alguns pacotes para não termos dor de cabeça na hora da instalação.

# apt-get update
# apt-get install linux-headers-`uname -r` libx11-6 libx11-dev x-window-system-core x-window-system xspecs libxtst6 psmisc build-essential


Agora vamos começar a instalação do VMware Server.

Precisamos descompactar o arquivo baixado:

# tar zxfv Vmware-server-*.tar.gz

Entre na pasta descompactada:

# cd vmware-server-distrib



Comece a instalação:

# ./vmware-install.pl

A instalação fará algumas perguntas a você. Siga a instruções abaixo.

Creating a new installer database using the tar3 format.

Installing the content of the package.

In which directory do you want to install the binary files?
[/usr/bin] <-- /usr/bin

What is the directory that contains the init directories (rc0.d/ to rc6.d/)?
[/etc] <-- /etc

What is the directory that contains the init scripts?
[/etc/init.d] <-- /etc/init.d

In which directory do you want to install the daemon files?
[/usr/sbin] <-- /usr/sbin

In which directory do you want to install the library files?
[/usr/lib/vmware] <-- /usr/lib/vmware

The path "/usr/lib/vmware" does not exist currently. This program is going to
create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
[yes] <-- yes

In which directory do you want to install the manual files?
[/usr/share/man] <-- /usr/share/man

In which directory do you want to install the documentation files?
[/usr/share/doc/vmware] <-- /usr/share/doc/vmware

The path "/usr/share/doc/vmware" does not exist currently. This program is
going to create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
[yes] <-- yes

The installation of VMware Server 1.0.2 build-39867 for Linux completed
successfully. You can decide to remove this software from your system at any
time by invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-uninstall.pl".

Before running VMware Server for the first time, you need to configure it by
invoking the following command: "/usr/bin/vmware-config.pl". Do you want this
program to invoke the command for you now? [yes] <-- yes

Making sure services for VMware Server are stopped.

Stopping VMware services:
Virtual machine monitor done

You must read and accept the End User License Agreement to continue.
Press enter to display it. <-- [ENTER]

..... snip [LICENCE TEXT] ......

Do you accept? (yes/no) <-- yes

Configuring fallback GTK+ 2.4 libraries.

In which directory do you want to install the mime type icons?
[/usr/share/icons] <-- /usr/share/icons

The path "/usr/share/icons" does not exist currently. This program is going to
create it, including needed parent directories. Is this what you want?
[yes] <-- yes

What directory contains your desktop menu entry files? These files have a
.desktop file extension. [/usr/share/applications] <-- /usr/share/applications

In which directory do you want to install the application's icon?
[/usr/share/pixmaps] <-- /usr/share/pixmaps

Trying to find a suitable vmmon module for your running kernel.

None of the pre-built vmmon modules for VMware Server is suitable for your
running kernel. Do you want this program to try to build the vmmon module for
your system (you need to have a C compiler installed on your system)? [yes] <-- yes

Using compiler "/usr/bin/gcc". Use environment variable CC to override.

What is the location of the directory of C header files that match your running
kernel? [/lib/modules/2.6.18-4-486/build/include]<-- /lib/modules/2.6.8-2-386/build/include

[...]

Do you want networking for your virtual machines? (yes/no/help) [yes] <-- yes

Configuring a bridged network for vmnet0.

The following bridged networks have been defined:

. vmnet0 is bridged to eth0

Do you wish to configure another bridged network? (yes/no) [no] <-- no

Do you want to be able to use NAT networking in your virtual machines? (yes/no)
[yes] <-- yes

Configuring a NAT network for vmnet8.

Do you want this program to probe for an unused private subnet? (yes/no/help)
[yes] <-- yes

Probing for an unused private subnet (this can take some time)...

The subnet 172.16.191.0/255.255.255.0 appears to be unused.

The following NAT networks have been defined:

. vmnet8 is a NAT network on private subnet 172.16.191.0.

Do you wish to configure another NAT network? (yes/no) [no] <-- no

Do you want to be able to use host-only networking in your virtual machines?
[yes] <-- yes

Configuring a host-only network for vmnet1.

Do you want this program to probe for an unused private subnet? (yes/no/help)
[yes] <-- yes

Probing for an unused private subnet (this can take some time)...

The subnet 172.16.98.0/255.255.255.0 appears to be unused.

The following host-only networks have been defined:

. vmnet1 is a host-only network on private subnet 172.16.98.0.

Do you wish to configure another host-only network? (yes/no) [no] <-- no

[...]

Please specify a port for remote console connections to use [902] <-- 902

Restarting internet superserver: inetd.
Configuring the VMware VmPerl Scripting API.

Building the VMware VmPerl Scripting API.

Using compiler "/usr/bin/gcc". Use environment variable CC to override.

Installing the VMware VmPerl Scripting API.

The installation of the VMware VmPerl Scripting API succeeded.

Generating SSL Server Certificate

In which directory do you want to keep your virtual machine files?
[/var/lib/vmware/Virtual Machines] <-- /var/vm

Please enter your 20-character serial number.

Type XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX-XXXXX or 'Enter' to cancel: <-- Coloque aqui o serial.
Starting VMware services:
Virtual machine monitor done
Virtual ethernet done
Bridged networking on /dev/vmnet0 done
Host-only networking on /dev/vmnet1 (background) done
Host-only networking on /dev/vmnet8 (background) done
NAT service on /dev/vmnet8 done

The configuration of VMware Server 1.0.2 build-39867 for Linux for this running
kernel completed successfully.

A instalação do servidor está concluída.

    Próxima página

Páginas do artigo
   1. Introdução
   2. Instalação do console
   3. Testando o gerenciador do VMware Server
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Comentários
[1] Comentário enviado por paulorvojr em 24/09/2009 - 22:54h

Belo artigo, parabens!!!

VMWARE SERVER realmente é uma beleza, ainda mais usando kernel proprio ou do linux, fica estupidamente rápido.

Mas para aquelas empresas ou pessoas que querem ir mais alem, é necessário comprar a licensa do VMWARE SERVER ESX, que possui incontáveis recursos à versão gratuita

sem contar que a instalação é via dvd, rápida e intuitiva

um dell power edge 1800 com 6gb de ram se transformou em 2 2003 server, 2 cent os e 1 slackware, cada um usando um pouco da ram eheheheh

ficou show!!! ou seja, de 1 servidor se transformou 5 servidores.



[2] Comentário enviado por xandaobene em 29/09/2009 - 10:46h

amigo tive o seguinte problema para instalar...

Como resolvo isso?

/usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware: /usr/lib/vmware/lib/libgcc_s.so.1/libgcc_s.so.1: version `GCC_3.4' not found (required by /usr/lib/libcairo.so.2)
/usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware: /usr/lib/vmware/lib/libgcc_s.so.1/libgcc_s.so.1: version `GCC_4.2.0' not found (required by /usr/lib/libstdc++.so.6)

são esses erros

como resolver?


[3] Comentário enviado por icefusion em 29/09/2009 - 11:29h

instale o gcc q eles vaum instalar as libs...use o synaptic...ou procure no próprio synaptic essas libs pelo nome delas...e instale!

[4] Comentário enviado por pardalz em 01/10/2009 - 22:59h

me amarro em virtualização.. e seu artigo ta show.. vlw

[5] Comentário enviado por marcioyshimoda em 07/10/2009 - 13:41h

Em seu artigo é indicado a versão 1.8 do Vmware Server, existe algum impedimento de usar a versão 2.0.x?

De resto, obrigado pelo ótimo artigo.

[6] Comentário enviado por claudiothomas em 11/10/2009 - 18:39h

Olá. Parabens pelo artigo.
O console do meu VM aparece com a resolução pequena, dei uma pesquisada e nâo consegui mudar.
Alguma dica? Estou usando o VMWare-server 2.0 no Ubuntu 9.04.
Valeu!

[7] Comentário enviado por alefecorreia em 13/11/2010 - 17:15h

Pessoal preciso de ajuda aqui, deem uma olhada:

In file included from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vcpuset.h:78,
from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/modulecall.h:22,
from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./common/vmx86.h:18,
from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.h:16,
from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:49:
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:226:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:230:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:298:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:304:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:402:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:489:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:576:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:663:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:665:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:748:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:750:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:831:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:833:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:912:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:914:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:1073:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:1077:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:1329:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_atomic.h:1454:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
In file included from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.h:20,
from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:49:
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/compat_wait.h:37:5: warning: "VMW_HAVE_EPOLL" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/compat_wait.h:43:5: warning: "VMW_HAVE_EPOLL" is not defined
In file included from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.h:20,
from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:49:
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/compat_wait.h:60: error: conflicting types for ‘poll_initwait’
include/linux/poll.h:70: note: previous declaration of ‘poll_initwait’ was here
In file included from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_basic_asm.h:32,
from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_asm.h:25,
from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:52:
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_basic_asm_x86.h:48:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_basic_asm_x86.h:109:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_basic_asm_x86.h:278:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_basic_asm_x86.h:385:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
In file included from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_asm.h:30,
from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:52:
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_asm_x86.h:430:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_asm_x86.h:676:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/vm_asm_x86.h:716:7: warning: "_MSC_VER" is not defined
In file included from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/vmhost.h:13,
from /tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:71:
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/./include/compat_semaphore.h:5:27: error: asm/semaphore.h: Arquivo ou diretório não encontrado
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:146: error: unknown field ‘nopage’ specified in initializer
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:147: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:150: error: unknown field ‘nopage’ specified in initializer
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:151: warning: initialization from incompatible pointer type
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c: In function ‘LinuxDriver_Ioctl’:
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:1650: error: ‘struct task_struct’ has no member named ‘euid’
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:1650: error: ‘struct task_struct’ has no member named ‘uid’
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:1651: error: ‘struct task_struct’ has no member named ‘fsuid’
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:1651: error: ‘struct task_struct’ has no member named ‘uid’
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:1652: error: ‘struct task_struct’ has no member named ‘egid’
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:1652: error: ‘struct task_struct’ has no member named ‘gid’
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:1653: error: ‘struct task_struct’ has no member named ‘fsgid’
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:1653: error: ‘struct task_struct’ has no member named ‘gid’
/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.c:1670: error: too many arguments to function ‘smp_call_function’
make[2]: ** [/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only/linux/driver.o] Erro 1
make[1]: ** [_module_/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only] Erro 2
make[1]: Saindo do diretório `/usr/src/linux-headers-2.6.32-25-generic'
make: ** [vmmon.ko] Erro 2
make: Saindo do diretório `/tmp/vmware-config0/vmmon-only'
Unable to build the vmmon module.


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