Usando o snmpconf para configuração do snmp

Publicado por Daniel Lara Souza em 23/11/2011

[ Hits: 28.621 ]

Blog: http://danniel-lara.blogspot.com/

 


Usando o snmpconf para configuração do snmp



Com snmpconf, pode-se criar e modificar arquivos de configuração do SNMP. Ele é um simples script Perl que orienta a criação de um arquivo de configuração passo a passo.

Vamos lá.

Após a instalação do snmp vá até o diretório do snmp:

# cd /etc/snmp

Efetue a cópia do arquivo snmpd.conf:

# cp snmpd.conf snmpd.conf.bkp

Vamos agora configurar o snmpd.conf com o comando snmpconf:

# snmpconf

pass .1.3.6.1.4.1.4413.4.1 /usr/bin/ucd5820stat

syslocation Unknown (edit /etc/snmp/snmpd.conf)

syscontact Root <root@localhost> (configure /etc/snmp/snmp.local.conf)

rocommunity  debian 192.168.1.0/24 

com2sec notConfigUser  default       public
group   notConfigGroup v1           notConfigUser
group   notConfigGroup v2c           notConfigUser
view    systemview    included   .1.3.6.1.2.1.1
view    systemview    included   .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.1
access  notConfigGroup ""      any       noauth    exact  systemview none none


Espero que ajude vocês na configuração do 'snmpd.conf'.

Guia de referência:
Outras dicas deste autor

MariaDB no Fedora 17

Instalação do Apache OpenOffice no Fedora

Minecraft no Ubuntu 12.04 LTS

Instalando GLPI no Fedora 21

Cinnamon no Ubuntu 12.04

Leitura recomendada

Desabilitando monitor do laptop (LVDS1)

Habilitando a opção DVD menu no SMPlayer

Ubuntu 14.04 - Erro: "nova linha no campo nome '#padding'" [Resolvido]

Sabayon Linux - Gerenciador de Login (SDDM) não loga mais [Resolvido]

Customizando auto repetição de teclas

  

Comentários
[1] Comentário enviado por removido em 24/11/2011 - 01:32h

Bem legal tua dica !

Abraço.

[2] Comentário enviado por danniel-lara em 24/11/2011 - 09:16h

Assim é eu achei mais facil de configurar

[3] Comentário enviado por sampaio06 em 13/11/2013 - 16:19h

Boa tarde, estou tentando configurar o snmpd através do snmpconf, segui o tutorial, que por sinal está bem auto explicativo, porém em momento algum eu encontrei as linhas abaixo no meu arquivo:

com2sec notConfigUser default public
group notConfigGroup v1 notConfigUser
group notConfigGroup v2c notConfigUser
view systemview included .1.3.6.1.2.1.1
view systemview included .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1.1
access notConfigGroup "" any noauth exact systemview none none

Segue abaixo o meu snmpd.conf:

# EXAMPLE.conf:
# An example configuration file for configuring the Net-SNMP agent ('snmpd')
# See the 'snmpd.conf(5)' man page for details
#
# Some entries are deliberately commented out, and will need to be explicitly activated
#
###############################################################################
#
# AGENT BEHAVIOUR
#

# Listen for connections from the local system only
agentAddress udp:127.0.0.1:161
# Listen for connections on all interfaces (both IPv4 *and* IPv6)
#agentAddress udp:161,udp6:[::1]:161



###############################################################################
#
# SNMPv3 AUTHENTICATION
#
# Note that these particular settings don't actually belong here.
# They should be copied to the file /var/lib/snmp/snmpd.conf
# and the passwords changed, before being uncommented in that file *only*.
# Then restart the agent

# createUser authOnlyUser MD5 "remember to change this password"
# createUser authPrivUser SHA "remember to change this one too" DES
# createUser internalUser MD5 "this is only ever used internally, but still change the password"

# If you also change the usernames (which might be sensible),
# then remember to update the other occurances in this example config file to match.



###############################################################################
#
# ACCESS CONTROL
#

# system + hrSystem groups only
view systemonly included .1.3.6.1.2.1.1
view systemonly included .1.3.6.1.2.1.25.1

# Full access from the local host
#rocommunity public localhost
# Default access to basic system info
rocommunity public default -V systemonly

# Full access from an example network
# Adjust this network address to match your local
# settings, change the community string,
# and check the 'agentAddress' setting above
#rocommunity secret 10.0.0.0/16

# Full read-only access for SNMPv3
rouser authOnlyUser
# Full write access for encrypted requests
# Remember to activate the 'createUser' lines above
#rwuser authPrivUser priv

# It's no longer typically necessary to use the full 'com2sec/group/access' configuration
# r[ou]user and r[ow]community, together with suitable views, should cover most requirements



###############################################################################
#
# SYSTEM INFORMATION
#

# Note that setting these values here, results in the corresponding MIB objects being 'read-only'
# See snmpd.conf(5) for more details
sysLocation Sitting on the Dock of the Bay
sysContact Me <me@example.org>
# Application + End-to-End layers
sysServices 72


#
# Process Monitoring
#
# At least one 'mountd' process
proc mountd
# No more than 4 'ntalkd' processes - 0 is OK
proc ntalkd 4
# At least one 'sendmail' process, but no more than 10
proc sendmail 10 1

# Walk the UCD-SNMP-MIB::prTable to see the resulting output
# Note that this table will be empty if there are no "proc" entries in the snmpd.conf file


#
# Disk Monitoring
#
# 10MBs required on root disk, 5% free on /var, 10% free on all other disks
disk / 10000
disk /var 5%
includeAllDisks 10%

# Walk the UCD-SNMP-MIB::dskTable to see the resulting output
# Note that this table will be empty if there are no "disk" entries in the snmpd.conf file


#
# System Load
#
# Unacceptable 1-, 5-, and 15-minute load averages
load 12 10 5

# Walk the UCD-SNMP-MIB::laTable to see the resulting output
# Note that this table *will* be populated, even without a "load" entry in the snmpd.conf file



###############################################################################
#
# ACTIVE MONITORING
#

# send SNMPv1 traps
trapsink localhost public
# send SNMPv2c traps
#trap2sink localhost public
# send SNMPv2c INFORMs
#informsink localhost public

# Note that you typically only want *one* of these three lines
# Uncommenting two (or all three) will result in multiple copies of each notification.


#
# Event MIB - automatically generate alerts
#
# Remember to activate the 'createUser' lines above
iquerySecName internalUser
rouser internalUser
# generate traps on UCD error conditions
defaultMonitors yes
# generate traps on linkUp/Down
linkUpDownNotifications yes



###############################################################################
#
# EXTENDING THE AGENT
#

#
# Arbitrary extension commands
#
extend test1 /bin/echo Hello, world!
extend-sh test2 echo Hello, world! ; echo Hi there ; exit 35
#extend-sh test3 /bin/sh /tmp/shtest

# Note that this last entry requires the script '/tmp/shtest' to be created first,
# containing the same three shell commands, before the line is uncommented

# Walk the NET-SNMP-EXTEND-MIB tables (nsExtendConfigTable, nsExtendOutput1Table
# and nsExtendOutput2Table) to see the resulting output

# Note that the "extend" directive supercedes the previous "exec" and "sh" directives
# However, walking the UCD-SNMP-MIB::extTable should still returns the same output,
# as well as the fuller results in the above tables.


#
# "Pass-through" MIB extension command
#
#pass .1.3.6.1.4.1.8072.2.255 /bin/sh PREFIX/local/passtest
#pass .1.3.6.1.4.1.8072.2.255 /usr/bin/perl PREFIX/local/passtest.pl

# Note that this requires one of the two 'passtest' scripts to be installed first,
# before the appropriate line is uncommented.
# These scripts can be found in the 'local' directory of the source distribution,
# and are not installed automatically.

# Walk the NET-SNMP-PASS-MIB::netSnmpPassExamples subtree to see the resulting output


#
# AgentX Sub-agents
#
# Run as an AgentX master agent
master agentx
# Listen for network connections (from localhost)
# rather than the default named socket /var/agentx/master
#agentXSocket tcp:localhost:705

Estou com o Debian 7.2 na maquina virtual, baixei o pacote através de apt-get install snmpd.
O que está de errado?



Contribuir com comentário




Patrocínio

Site hospedado pelo provedor RedeHost.
Linux banner
Linux banner
Linux banner

Destaques

Artigos

Dicas

Tópicos

Top 10 do mês

Scripts