Debian 10 com i3 como Gerenciador de Janelas no XFCE

Neste artigo demonstro como configurar o XFCE para usar o gerenciador de janelas i3 no Debian.

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Por: Ryuk Shinigami em 16/10/2020


Configurando o i3



Se já não existir, crie a pasta ~/.config/i3 e adicione o arquivo de configuração do i3 abaixo (o importante aqui é desabilitar o painel padrão do i3):

# i3 config file (v4)
#
# Please see https://i3wm.org/docs/userguide.html for a complete reference!
#
# This config file uses keycodes (bindsym) and was written for the QWERTY
# layout.
#
# To get a config file with the same key positions, but for your current
# layout, use the i3-config-wizard
#

###############
# i3 settings #
###############

## Set mod key (Mod1=, Mod4=)
set $mod Mod4

## Edit configuration file
bindsym $mod+c exec i3-sensible-terminal -e bash -c 'i3-sensible-editor $HOME/.config/i3/config'

## Reload the configuration file
bindsym $mod+Shift+c reload

## Restart i3 inplace (preserves your layout/session, can be used to upgrade i3)
bindsym $mod+Shift+r restart

## Exit i3 (logs you out of your X session)
#bindsym $mod+Shift+e exec
#"i3-nagbar -t warning -m 'You pressed the exit shortcut. Do you really want to exit i3? This will end your X session.' -b 'Yes, exit i3' 'i3-msg exit'"

## Exit/Suspend/Reboot/Shutdown alternatives
bindsym $mod+Shift+e exec xfce4-session-logout

## Lock screen
#bindsym Mod1+Ctrl+l exec --no-startup-id i3lock -c "000000"
bindsym Mod1+Ctrl+l exec --no-startup-id xflock4

## i3bar (plus the system information i3status)
## Disable on XFCE/KDE session
#bar {
    #position top
    #status_command i3status
    #tray_output none
    #mode invisible
    #font pango:DejaVuSansMono Nerd Font 9
    #strip_workspace_numbers yes
    #colors {
    #    background         #000000
    #    statusline         #ffffff
    #    separator          #666666
    #    focused_workspace  #4c7899 #285577 #ffffff
    #    active_workspace   #333333 #5f676a #ffffff
    #    inactive_workspace #333333 #222222 #888888
    #    urgent_workspace   #2f343a #900000 #ffffff
    #    binding_mode       #2f343a #900000 #ffffff
    #}
#}

## Hide/unhide i3status bar
#bindsym $mod+m bar mode toggle

####################
# Windows settings #
####################

## Font for window titles.
font pango:monospace 8

## Theme colors
##class                 border  backgr  text    indicat child_border
client.focused          #4c7899 #2277c6 #ffffff #3daee9 #2277c6
client.focused_inactive #333333 #2d3339 #ffffff #484e50 #2d3339
client.unfocused        #333333 #222222 #888888 #292d2e #222222
client.urgent           #2f343a #900000 #ffffff #900000 #900000
client.placeholder      #000000 #0c0c0c #ffffff #000000 #0c0c0c
client.background       #ffffff

## Default border style for new windows (normal|none|pixel)
default_border pixel 2
default_floating_border normal

## Hiding borders adjacent to the screen edges (none|vertical|horizontal|both|smart)
hide_edge_borders smart

## Change borders
#bindsym $mod+n border normal
#bindsym $mod+y border pixel 2
#bindsym $mod+u border none
bindsym $mod+b border toggle

## kill focused window
bindsym $mod+q kill
bindsym Mod1+F4 kill

## The middle button over a titlebar kills the window
#bindsym --release button2 kill

## The middle button and a modifer over any part of the window kills the window
#bindsym --whole-window $mod+button2 kill

## Constraining floating window size
#floating_minimum_size 75 x 75
#floating_maximum_size 900 x 600

#####################
# Split and Layouts #
#####################

## Set default desktop layout "stacking|tabbed" (default is tiling)
#workspace_layout tabbed

## Orientation for new workspaces (horizontal|vertical|auto)
default_orientation auto

## Split in horizontal/vertical orientationt
bindsym $mod+h split h
bindsym $mod+v split v
bindsym $mod+t split toggle

## Change container layout (stacked, tabbed, toggle split)
bindsym $mod+w layout tabbed
bindsym $mod+e layout toggle split

## Fullscreen mode for the focused container
bindsym $mod+F11 fullscreen toggle

## Toggle tiling / floating
bindsym $mod+Shift+space floating toggle

## The right button toggles floating
#bindsym $mod+button3 floating toggle

#############################
# Window Focus and Movement #
#############################

## Default focus to mouse (yes)
focus_follows_mouse no

## Focus on window activation (smart|urgent|focus|none)
focus_on_window_activation smart

## Toggle sticky (show on all workspaces)
bindsym $mod+Shift+s sticky toggle

## Change focus between tiling / floating windows
bindsym $mod+space focus mode_toggle

## Use Mouse+$mod to drag floating windows to their wanted position
floating_modifier $mod

## Focus the parent container
bindsym $mod+a focus parent

## Focus the child container
bindsym $mod+z focus child

## Move the currently focused window to the scratchpad
bindsym $mod+Shift+minus move scratchpad

## Show the next scratchpad window or hide the focused scratchpad window.
## If there are multiple scratchpad windows, this command cycles through them.
bindsym $mod+minus scratchpad show

## Set keys for focus, movement, and resize directions
set $left j
set $down k
set $up l
set $right ccedilla

## Change focus
bindsym $mod+$left focus left
bindsym $mod+$down focus down
bindsym $mod+$up focus up
bindsym $mod+$right focus right
bindsym $mod+Left focus left
bindsym $mod+Down focus down
bindsym $mod+Up focus up
bindsym $mod+Right focus right

## Move focused window
bindsym $mod+Shift+$left move left
bindsym $mod+Shift+$down move down
bindsym $mod+Shift+$up move up
bindsym $mod+Shift+$right move right
bindsym $mod+Shift+Left move left
bindsym $mod+Shift+Down move down
bindsym $mod+Shift+Up move up
bindsym $mod+Shift+Right move right

## resize window (you can also use the mouse for that)
bindsym $mod+r mode "resize"
mode "resize" {
    bindsym $left resize shrink width 10 px or 10 ppt
    bindsym $down resize grow height 10 px or 10 ppt
    bindsym $up resize shrink height 10 px or 10 ppt
    bindsym $right resize grow width 10 px or 10 ppt
    bindsym Left resize shrink width 10 px or 10 ppt
    bindsym Down resize grow height 10 px or 10 ppt
    bindsym Up resize shrink height 10 px or 10 ppt
    bindsym Right resize grow width 10 px or 10 ppt
    # back to normal: Enter or Escape
    bindsym Return mode "default"
    bindsym Escape mode "default"
}

## Jump to urgent window
bindsym Mod1+Ctrl+a  focus

#####################################
# Workspaces settings and shortcuts #
#####################################

## Workspace names
set $ws1 1
set $ws2 2
set $ws3 3
set $ws4 4
set $ws5 5
set $ws6 6
set $ws7 7
set $ws8 8
set $ws9 9
set $ws10 10

## Switch to workspace
bindsym Ctrl+F1 workspace $ws1
bindsym Ctrl+F2 workspace $ws2
bindsym Ctrl+F3 workspace $ws3
bindsym Ctrl+F4 workspace $ws4
bindsym Ctrl+F5 workspace $ws5
bindsym Ctrl+F6 workspace $ws6
bindsym Ctrl+F7 workspace $ws7
bindsym Ctrl+F8 workspace $ws8
bindsym Ctrl+F9 workspace $ws9
bindsym Ctrl+F10 workspace $ws10

## Move focused container to workspace
bindsym $mod+Ctrl+1 move container to workspace $ws1
bindsym $mod+Ctrl+2 move container to workspace $ws2
bindsym $mod+Ctrl+3 move container to workspace $ws3
bindsym $mod+Ctrl+4 move container to workspace $ws4
bindsym $mod+Ctrl+5 move container to workspace $ws5
bindsym $mod+Ctrl+6 move container to workspace $ws6
bindsym $mod+Ctrl+7 move container to workspace $ws7
bindsym $mod+Ctrl+8 move container to workspace $ws8
bindsym $mod+Ctrl+9 move container to workspace $ws9
bindsym $mod+Ctrl+0 move container to workspace $ws10

## Move to workspace with focused container
bindsym $mod+Shift+1 move container to workspace $ws1; workspace $ws1
bindsym $mod+Shift+2 move container to workspace $ws2; workspace $ws2
bindsym $mod+Shift+3 move container to workspace $ws3; workspace $ws3
bindsym $mod+Shift+4 move container to workspace $ws4; workspace $ws4
bindsym $mod+Shift+5 move container to workspace $ws5; workspace $ws5
bindsym $mod+Shift+6 move container to workspace $ws6; workspace $ws6
bindsym $mod+Shift+7 move container to workspace $ws7; workspace $ws7
bindsym $mod+Shift+8 move container to workspace $ws8; workspace $ws8
bindsym $mod+Shift+9 move container to workspace $ws9; workspace $ws9
bindsym $mod+Shift+0 move container to workspace $ws10; workspace $ws10

## Navigate workspaces next / previous
bindsym Mod1+Ctrl+Right workspace next
bindsym Mod1+Ctrl+Left workspace prev

## Move focused container to workspaces next / previous
bindsym $mod+Home move container to workspace prev; workspace prev
bindsym $mod+End move container to workspace next; workspace next

## Switch between the current and the previously focused one
bindsym $mod+x workspace back_and_forth
bindsym $mod+Shift+x move container to workspace back_and_forth; workspace back_and_forth

## Switch to workspace with urgent window automatically
#for_window  focus

## Delaying urgency hint reset on workspace change (default: 500 ms)
#force_display_urgency_hint 0 ms

####################
# Floating Windows #
####################

## Open specific applications in floating mode
for_window [class="Clipgrab"] floating enable
for_window [class="Galculator"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Gtkhash"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Pavucontrol"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="qt5ct"] floating enable, sticky enable, border normal
for_window [class="Qtconfig-qt4"] floating enable, sticky enable, border normal
for_window [class="Simple-scan"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Skype"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Thus"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Timeset-gui"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Xfce4-appfinder"] floating enable
for_window [class="Xfce4-sensors"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Xfce4-panel"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [title="alsamixer"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [title="File Transfer*"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [title="MuseScore: Play Panel"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="About"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="Preferences"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="bubble"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="pop-up"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="task_dialog"] floating enable
for_window [window_type="dialog"] floating enable
for_window [window_type="menu"] floating enable
#
no_focus [window_role="pop-up"]
no_focus [window_type="notification"]

#######################################################
# Applications launcher and others keyboard shortcuts #
#######################################################
## Start a terminal
bindsym $mod+Return exec i3-sensible-terminal

## XFCE whisker popup menu
#bindsym $mod+d exec --no-startup-id xfce4-popup-whiskermenu

##########################
# Autostart applications #
##########################

## Background
#exec --no-startup-id nitrogen --restore
#exec --no-startup-id feh --bg-scale /usr/share/pixmaps/wallpaper.jpg
exec --no-startup-id xsetroot -solid "#222222"

## Compositor (Compton)
exec --no-startup-id compton --backend glx --vsync opengl-swc --paint-on-overlay
Linux: Debian 10 com i3 como Gerenciador de Janelas no XFCE
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   1. Instando dependência e configurado o XFCE
   2. Configurando o i3
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Comentários
[1] Comentário enviado por izaias em 17/10/2020 - 09:38h

O i3-wm é um ótimo tiling e um dos mais fáceis de configurar. Não quer dizer que seja fácil pra todo mundo, mas é mais maleável que outros tilings.

Pra quem se interessar, este site tem configurações e screenshots de i3 incríveis!
> http://dotshare.it/category/wms/i3/

[2] Comentário enviado por mauricio123 em 18/10/2020 - 13:39h


Muito bom.

___________________________________________________________
[code]Conhecimento não se Leva para o Túmulo.
https://github.com/MauricioFerrari-NovaTrento [/code]

[3] Comentário enviado por Ryuk em 20/10/2020 - 11:56h

CORREÇÂO - No arquivo de configuração do i3 (~/.config/i3/config) saiu bugada a parte que tem "Floting Windows", segue o segmento correto abaixo:

####################
# Floating Windows #
####################

## Open specific applications in floating mode
for_window [class="Clipgrab"] floating enable
for_window [class="Galculator"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Gtkhash"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Pavucontrol"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="qt5ct"] floating enable, sticky enable, border normal
for_window [class="Qtconfig-qt4"] floating enable, sticky enable, border normal
for_window [class="Simple-scan"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Skype"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Thus"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Timeset-gui"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Xfce4-appfinder"] floating enable
for_window [class="Xfce4-sensors"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Xfce4-panel"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [title="alsamixer"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [title="File Transfer*"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [title="MuseScore: Play Panel"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="About"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="Preferences"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="bubble"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="pop-up"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="task_dialog"] floating enable
for_window [window_type="dialog"] floating enable
for_window [window_type="menu"] floating enable
#
no_focus [window_role="pop-up"]
no_focus [window_type="notification"]


[4] Comentário enviado por izaias em 20/10/2020 - 12:11h


[3] Comentário enviado por Ryuk em 20/10/2020 - 11:56h

CORREÇÂO - No arquivo de configuração do i3 (~/.config/i3/config) saiu bugada a parte que tem "Floting Windows", segue o segmento correto abaixo:

####################
# Floating Windows #
####################

## Open specific applications in floating mode
for_window [class="Clipgrab"] floating enable
for_window [class="Galculator"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Gtkhash"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Pavucontrol"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="qt5ct"] floating enable, sticky enable, border normal
for_window [class="Qtconfig-qt4"] floating enable, sticky enable, border normal
for_window [class="Simple-scan"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Skype"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Thus"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Timeset-gui"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Xfce4-appfinder"] floating enable
for_window [class="Xfce4-sensors"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [class="Xfce4-panel"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [title="alsamixer"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [title="File Transfer*"] floating enable, border normal
for_window [title="MuseScore: Play Panel"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="About"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="Preferences"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="bubble"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="pop-up"] floating enable
for_window [window_role="task_dialog"] floating enable
for_window [window_type="dialog"] floating enable
for_window [window_type="menu"] floating enable
#
no_focus [window_role="pop-up"]
no_focus [window_type="notification"]


Não foi "bug", nos foi enviado assim. Mas tudo bem, já está corrigido! Verifique.
Qualquer edição que precise fazer, seja por erro nosso ou seu, é só comunicar à moderação.
Abrasss

[5] Comentário enviado por Ryuk em 20/10/2020 - 12:16h


[4] Comentário enviado por izaias em 20/10/2020 - 12:11h

Não foi "bug", nos foi enviado assim. Mas tudo bem, já está corrigido! Verifique.
Qualquer edição que precise fazer, seja por erro nosso ou seu, é só comunicar à moderação.
Abrasss


Obrigado por corrigir. Não sei porquê tava diferente!!!

[6] Comentário enviado por mauricio123 em 21/10/2020 - 09:04h


Realmente é sempre bom ficar revisando as publicações a procura de erros.

___________________________________________________________
[code]Conhecimento não se Leva para o Túmulo.
https://github.com/MauricioFerrari-NovaTrento [/code]


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