Driver Nvidia no Debian Squeeze

Publicado por edps em 21/06/2010

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Blog: https://edpsblog.wordpress.com/

 


Driver Nvidia no Debian Squeeze



Estando o Debian Squeeze mais próximo do congelamento dos pacotes, agora ficou mais fácil ter instalados os drivers 3D da Nvidia sem ter que correr atrás do binário da própria.

1° passo - feche o ambiente gráfico:

Ctrl+Alt+F1

2° passo - logue-se com seu usuário normal e pare seu Gerenciador de Login:

sudo /etc/init.d/gdm stop

* Substitua gdm pelo seu Gerenciador de Login correspondente (kdm, slim, xdm ou outro).

3° passo - atualize as listas de pacotes e instale os programas necessários:

sudo apt-get update
$ sudo apt-get install build-essential linux-headers-`uname -r` nvidia-kernel-dkms nvidia-kernel-195.36.24 nvidia-settings nvidia-xconfig module-assistant


4° passo - caso já tenha um xorg.conf pronto, pule o passo abaixo:

sudo nvidia-xconfig

5° passo - edite seu arquivo /etc/X11/xorg.conf e deixe-o parecido com este:

sudo nano /etc/X11/xorg.conf

* Substitua o nano pelo editor de sua preferência (caso use o nano, salve e saia com Ctrl+o e Ctrl+x).

# nvidia-xconfig: X configuration file generated by nvidia-xconfig

Section "ServerLayout"
    Identifier     "Layout0"
    Screen      0  "Screen0" 0 0
EndSection

Section "Files"
EndSection

Section "Monitor"
    Identifier     "Monitor0"
    VendorName     "Unknown"
    ModelName      "Unknown"
    HorizSync       28.0 - 33.0
    VertRefresh     43.0 - 72.0
    Option         "DPMS"
EndSection

Section "Device"
    Identifier     "Device0"
    Driver         "nvidia"
    VendorName     "NVIDIA Corporation"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
    Identifier     "Screen0"
    Device         "Device0"
    Monitor        "Monitor0"
    DefaultDepth    24
    Option         "NoLogo" "True"
    Option         "RenderAccel" "True"
    Option         "AllowGLXWithComposite" "True"
    Option         "AddARGBGLXVisuals" "True"
    Option         "NvAGP" "1"
    SubSection     "Display"
        Depth       24
    EndSubSection
EndSection

Section "Extensions"
    Option         "Composite" "Enable"
EndSection

Exemplo do meu xorg.conf:

# /etc/X11/xorg.conf (Xorg X Window System server configuration file)
#
# This file was generated by fll_xorgconfig, the F.U.L.L.S.T.O.R.Y.
# Xorg Configuration tool.
#
# Edit this file with caution, and see the xorg.conf(5) manual page.
# (Type "man xorg.conf" at the shell prompt.)


Section "ServerLayout"
   Identifier   "Xorg Configured"
   Screen      "Screen 0"
EndSection

Section "Device"
   Identifier   "Device 0"
   Driver      "nvidia"
   BoardName   "nVidia Corporation G72 [GeForce 7300 LE]"
   BusID      "PCI:5:0:0"
EndSection

Section "Monitor"  
   Identifier   "Monitor 0"
   ModelName   "W1952"
   HorizSync   30-83
   VertRefresh   56-75
   # 640x350 @ 85.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 31.28 kHz; pclk: 25.02 MHz
   Modeline "640x350"  25.02  640 656 720 800  350 351 354 368  -HSync +Vsync
   # 640x400 @ 85.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 35.78 kHz; pclk: 29.20 MHz
   Modeline "640x400"  29.20  640 664 728 816  400 401 404 421  -HSync +Vsync
   # 640x480 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 29.82 kHz; pclk: 23.86 MHz
   Modeline "640x480"  23.86  640 656 720 800  480 481 484 497  -HSync +Vsync
   # 640x480 @ 72.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 36.07 kHz; pclk: 29.43 MHz
   Modeline "640x480"  29.43  640 664 728 816  480 481 484 501  -HSync +Vsync
   # 640x480 @ 75.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 37.65 kHz; pclk: 30.72 MHz
   Modeline "640x480"  30.72  640 664 728 816  480 481 484 502  -HSync +Vsync
   # 640x480 @ 85.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 42.92 kHz; pclk: 35.71 MHz
   Modeline "640x480"  35.71  640 672 736 832  480 481 484 505  -HSync +Vsync
   # 640x480 @ 100.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 50.90 kHz; pclk: 43.16 MHz
   Modeline "640x480"  43.16  640 680 744 848  480 481 484 509  -HSync +Vsync
   # 720x400 @ 85.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 35.78 kHz; pclk: 32.64 MHz
   Modeline "720x400"  32.64  720 744 816 912  400 401 404 421  -HSync +Vsync
   # 768x576 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 35.82 kHz; pclk: 34.96 MHz
   Modeline "768x576"  34.96  768 792 872 976  576 577 580 597  -HSync +Vsync
   # 768x576 @ 72.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 43.27 kHz; pclk: 42.93 MHz
   Modeline "768x576"  42.93  768 800 880 992  576 577 580 601  -HSync +Vsync
   # 768x576 @ 75.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 45.15 kHz; pclk: 45.51 MHz
   Modeline "768x576"  45.51  768 808 888 1008  576 577 580 602  -HSync +Vsync
   # 768x576 @ 85.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 51.42 kHz; pclk: 51.84 MHz
   Modeline "768x576"  51.84  768 808 888 1008  576 577 580 605  -HSync +Vsync
   # 768x576 @ 100.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 61.10 kHz; pclk: 62.57 MHz
   Modeline "768x576"  62.57  768 816 896 1024  576 577 580 611  -HSync +Vsync
   # 800x600 @ 56.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 34.72 kHz; pclk: 35.55 MHz
   Modeline "800x600"  35.55  800 832 912 1024  600 601 604 620  -HSync +Vsync
   # 800x600 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 37.32 kHz; pclk: 38.22 MHz
   Modeline "800x600"  38.22  800 832 912 1024  600 601 604 622  -HSync +Vsync
   # 800x600 @ 72.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 45.07 kHz; pclk: 46.87 MHz
   Modeline "800x600"  46.87  800 840 920 1040  600 601 604 626  -HSync +Vsync
   # 800x600 @ 75.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 47.02 kHz; pclk: 48.91 MHz
   Modeline "800x600"  48.91  800 840 920 1040  600 601 604 627  -HSync +Vsync
   # 800x600 @ 85.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 53.55 kHz; pclk: 56.55 MHz
   Modeline "800x600"  56.55  800 840 928 1056  600 601 604 630  -HSync +Vsync
   # 800x600 @ 100.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 63.60 kHz; pclk: 68.18 MHz
   Modeline "800x600"  68.18  800 848 936 1072  600 601 604 636  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1024x600 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 37.32 kHz; pclk: 48.96 MHz
   Modeline "1024x600"  48.96  1024 1064 1168 1312  600 601 604 622  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1024x768 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 47.70 kHz; pclk: 64.11 MHz
   Modeline "1024x768"  64.11  1024 1080 1184 1344  768 769 772 795  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1024x768 @ 70.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 56.00 kHz; pclk: 76.16 MHz
   Modeline "1024x768"  76.16  1024 1080 1192 1360  768 769 772 800  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1024x768 @ 75.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 60.15 kHz; pclk: 81.80 MHz
   Modeline "1024x768"  81.80  1024 1080 1192 1360  768 769 772 802  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1024x768 @ 85.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 68.60 kHz; pclk: 94.39 MHz
   Modeline "1024x768"  94.39  1024 1088 1200 1376  768 769 772 807  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1024x768 @ 100.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 81.40 kHz; pclk: 113.31 MHz
   Modeline "1024x768"  113.31  1024 1096 1208 1392  768 769 772 814  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1152x864 @ 75.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 67.65 kHz; pclk: 104.99 MHz
   Modeline "1152x864"  104.99  1152 1224 1352 1552  864 865 868 902  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1152x864 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 53.70 kHz; pclk: 81.62 MHz
   Modeline "1152x864"  81.62  1152 1216 1336 1520  864 865 868 895  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1152x864 @ 85.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 77.10 kHz; pclk: 119.65 MHz
   Modeline "1152x864"  119.65  1152 1224 1352 1552  864 865 868 907  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1152x864 @ 100.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 91.50 kHz; pclk: 143.47 MHz
   Modeline "1152x864"  143.47  1152 1232 1360 1568  864 865 868 915  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1152x900 @ 77.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 72.46 kHz; pclk: 112.45 MHz
   Modeline "1152x900"  112.45  1152 1224 1352 1552  900 901 904 941  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1152x900 @ 66.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 61.71 kHz; pclk: 94.79 MHz
   Modeline "1152x900"  94.79  1152 1224 1344 1536  900 901 904 935  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x768 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 47.70 kHz; pclk: 80.14 MHz
   Modeline "1280x768"  80.14  1280 1344 1480 1680  768 769 772 795  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x800 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 49.68 kHz; pclk: 83.46 MHz
   Modeline "1280x800"  83.46  1280 1344 1480 1680  800 801 804 828  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x960 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 59.64 kHz; pclk: 102.10 MHz
   Modeline "1280x960"  102.10  1280 1360 1496 1712  960 961 964 994  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x960 @ 72.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 72.07 kHz; pclk: 124.54 MHz
   Modeline "1280x960"  124.54  1280 1368 1504 1728  960 961 964 1001  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x960 @ 75.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 75.15 kHz; pclk: 129.86 MHz
   Modeline "1280x960"  129.86  1280 1368 1504 1728  960 961 964 1002  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x960 @ 85.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 85.68 kHz; pclk: 149.43 MHz
   Modeline "1280x960"  149.43  1280 1376 1512 1744  960 961 964 1008  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x960 @ 100.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 101.70 kHz; pclk: 178.99 MHz
   Modeline "1280x960"  178.99  1280 1376 1520 1760  960 961 964 1017  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x1024 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 63.60 kHz; pclk: 108.88 MHz
   Modeline "1280x1024"  108.88  1280 1360 1496 1712  1024 1025 1028 1060  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x1024 @ 67.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 71.29 kHz; pclk: 123.19 MHz
   Modeline "1280x1024"  123.19  1280 1368 1504 1728  1024 1025 1028 1064  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x1024 @ 75.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 80.17 kHz; pclk: 138.54 MHz
   Modeline "1280x1024"  138.54  1280 1368 1504 1728  1024 1025 1028 1069  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x1024 @ 76.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 81.32 kHz; pclk: 141.82 MHz
   Modeline "1280x1024"  141.82  1280 1376 1512 1744  1024 1025 1028 1070  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x1024 @ 85.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 91.38 kHz; pclk: 159.36 MHz
   Modeline "1280x1024"  159.36  1280 1376 1512 1744  1024 1025 1028 1075  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1280x1024 @ 100.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 108.50 kHz; pclk: 190.96 MHz
   Modeline "1280x1024"  190.96  1280 1376 1520 1760  1024 1025 1028 1085  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1368x768 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 47.70 kHz; pclk: 85.86 MHz
   Modeline "1368x768"  85.86  1368 1440 1584 1800  768 769 772 795  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1440x900 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 55.92 kHz; pclk: 106.47 MHz
   Modeline "1440x900"  106.47  1440 1520 1672 1904  900 901 904 932  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1400x1050 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 65.22 kHz; pclk: 122.61 MHz
   Modeline "1400x1050"  122.61  1400 1488 1640 1880  1050 1051 1054 1087  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1400x1050 @ 72.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 78.77 kHz; pclk: 149.34 MHz
   Modeline "1400x1050"  149.34  1400 1496 1648 1896  1050 1051 1054 1094  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1400x1050 @ 75.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 82.20 kHz; pclk: 155.85 MHz
   Modeline "1400x1050"  155.85  1400 1496 1648 1896  1050 1051 1054 1096  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1400x1050 @ 85.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 93.76 kHz; pclk: 179.26 MHz
   Modeline "1400x1050"  179.26  1400 1504 1656 1912  1050 1051 1054 1103  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1400x1050 @ 100.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 111.20 kHz; pclk: 214.39 MHz
   Modeline "1400x1050"  214.39  1400 1512 1664 1928  1050 1051 1054 1112  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1440x900 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 55.92 kHz; pclk: 106.47 MHz
   Modeline "1440x900"  106.47  1440 1520 1672 1904  900 901 904 932  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1600x1200 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 74.52 kHz; pclk: 160.96 MHz
   Modeline "1600x1200"  160.96  1600 1704 1880 2160  1200 1201 1204 1242  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1600x1200 @ 65.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 80.99 kHz; pclk: 176.23 MHz
   Modeline "1600x1200"  176.23  1600 1712 1888 2176  1200 1201 1204 1246  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1600x1200 @ 70.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 87.43 kHz; pclk: 190.25 MHz
   Modeline "1600x1200"  190.25  1600 1712 1888 2176  1200 1201 1204 1249  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1600x1200 @ 75.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 93.97 kHz; pclk: 205.99 MHz
   Modeline "1600x1200"  205.99  1600 1720 1896 2192  1200 1201 1204 1253  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1600x1200 @ 85.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 107.10 kHz; pclk: 234.76 MHz
   Modeline "1600x1200"  234.76  1600 1720 1896 2192  1200 1201 1204 1260  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1600x1200 @ 100.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 127.10 kHz; pclk: 280.64 MHz
   Modeline "1600x1200"  280.64  1600 1728 1904 2208  1200 1201 1204 1271  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1680x1050 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 65.22 kHz; pclk: 147.14 MHz
   Modeline "1680x1050"  147.14  1680 1784 1968 2256  1050 1051 1054 1087  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1792x1344 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 83.46 kHz; pclk: 202.97 MHz
   Modeline "1792x1344"  202.97  1792 1920 2112 2432  1344 1345 1348 1391  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1792x1344 @ 75.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 105.23 kHz; pclk: 259.27 MHz
   Modeline "1792x1344"  259.27  1792 1928 2128 2464  1344 1345 1348 1403  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1856x1392 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 86.46 kHz; pclk: 218.57 MHz
   Modeline "1856x1392"  218.57  1856 1992 2192 2528  1392 1393 1396 1441  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1856x1392 @ 75.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 108.97 kHz; pclk: 277.23 MHz
   Modeline "1856x1392"  277.23  1856 2000 2200 2544  1392 1393 1396 1453  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1920x1200 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 74.52 kHz; pclk: 193.16 MHz
   Modeline "1920x1200"  193.16  1920 2048 2256 2592  1200 1201 1204 1242  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1920x1440 @ 60.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 89.40 kHz; pclk: 234.59 MHz
   Modeline "1920x1440"  234.59  1920 2064 2272 2624  1440 1441 1444 1490  -HSync +Vsync
   # 1920x1440 @ 75.00 Hz (GTF) hsync: 112.73 kHz; pclk: 297.59 MHz
   Modeline "1920x1440"  297.59  1920 2072 2280 2640  1440 1441 1444 1503  -HSync +Vsync
EndSection

Section "Screen"
   Identifier   "Screen 0"
   Monitor      "Monitor 0"
   DefaultColorDepth 24
        Option       "CursorShadow" "1"
        Option       "CursorShadowAlpha" "63"
        Option       "CursorShadowYOffset" "2"
        Option       "CursorShadowXOffset" "4"
        Option       "FlatPanelProperties" "Scaling = native"
        Option          "NoLogo" "True"
        Option       "UseEDID" "True"
        Option          "RenderAccel" "True"
        Option          "AllowGLXWithComposite" "True"
        Option          "AddARGBGLXVisuals" "True"
   Option          "NvAGP" "1"
   SubSection "Display"
      Depth   8
      Modes   "1440x900" "1152x864" "1024x768" "832x624" "800x600" "720x400" "640x480"
   EndSubSection
   SubSection "Display"
      Depth   15
      Modes   "1440x900" "1152x864" "1024x768" "832x624" "800x600" "720x400" "640x480"
   EndSubSection
   SubSection "Display"
      Depth   16
      Modes   "1440x900" "1152x864" "1024x768" "832x624" "800x600" "720x400" "640x480"
   EndSubSection
   SubSection "Display"
      Depth   24
      Modes   "1440x900" "1152x864" "1024x768" "832x624" "800x600" "720x400" "640x480"
   EndSubSection
EndSection

Section "Extensions"
    Option         "Composite" "Enable"
EndSection

Nota: tendo concluído os passos tentei iniciar o GDM, mas deu erro, ao reiniciar o computador tudo ficou normal.

Então, reinicie o computador e pronto! Quando seu Kernel Debian for atualizado o módulo para o driver Nvidia também o será.

Um abraço.

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Comentários
[1] Comentário enviado por mcnd2 em 15/12/2010 - 22:51h

Só para complementar, quem tiver uma "geforce fx 5200", "fx 5500" e versão fx 5xxx deverá executar desse jeito que é para placas um pouco antiga.

# apt-get install build-essential linux-headers-`uname -r` nvidia-kernel-legacy-173xx-dkms nvidia-glx-legacy-173xx nvidia-settings nvidia-xconfig module-assistant dkms

Ficando o "xorg.conf" deste jeito:

Section "ServerLayout"
Identifier "Layout0"
Screen 0 "Screen0"
InputDevice "Keyboard0" "CoreKeyboard"
InputDevice "Mouse0" "CorePointer"
EndSection

Section "Files"
RgbPath "/usr/X11R6/lib/X11/rgb"
EndSection

Section "Module"
Load "dbe"
Load "extmod"
Load "type1"
Load "freetype"
Load "glx"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
# generated from default
Identifier "Mouse0"
Driver "mouse"
Option "Protocol" "auto"
Option "Device" "/dev/psaux"
Option "Emulate3Buttons" "no"
Option "ZAxisMapping" "4 5"
EndSection

Section "InputDevice"
# generated from default
Identifier "Keyboard0"
Driver "kbd"
Option "XkbRules" "xorg"
Option "XkbModel" "abnt2"
Option "XkbLayout" "br"
EndSection

Section "Monitor"
Identifier "Monitor0"
VendorName "Unknown"
ModelName "Unknown"
HorizSync 28.0 - 51.0
VertRefresh 43.0 - 60.0
Option "DPMS"
EndSection

Section "Device"
Identifier "Device0"
Driver "nvidia"
Option "Coolbits" "1"
Option "AddARGBGLXVisuals" "true"
Option "TripleBuffer" "false"
VendorName "NVIDIA Corporation"
EndSection

Section "Screen"
Identifier "Screen0"
Device "Device0"
Monitor "Monitor0"
DefaultDepth 24
SubSection "Display"
Depth 24
EndSubSection
EndSection


Section "Extensions"
Option "Composite" "enable"
# Option "RENDER" "disable"
EndSection

Até mais...

[2] Comentário enviado por removido em 15/06/2011 - 21:10h

Para informações mais completas (Stable|Testing|Unstable) leiam:

http://www.vivaolinux.com.br/artigo/Instalacao-do-driver-Nvidia-no-Debian-e-em-distros-derivadas/

[3] Comentário enviado por mcnd2 em 17/06/2012 - 13:09h

Rsrsrs...
Novamente depois de uma m*rd* na nvidia feita tive que fazer o procedimento descrito.

Ainda bem que essa dica fica nos favoritos.

** Agora com o Kernel 3.2.0 (que não é o meu caso ainda no desktop) ela dará suporte a essa nvidia geforce fx-5200?

No Sabayon após o kernel 3.2.0 ele não dará mais suporte a essa placa (já constatado no sabayon instalado no desktop).

Como que os usuários ficam?

...


[4] Comentário enviado por removido em 17/06/2012 - 13:38h

Cara, porque você não usa o Backports ou compila o kernel e usa o driver nouveau?

Não vejo nenhuma vantagem em usar o kernel 2.6.32-5.



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