Configuração de SAMBA em um Roteador NAS

1. Configuração de SAMBA em um Roteador NAS

MARCIO ANDERSON GOMES CONCEICAO
marcio_fsa

(usa Ubuntu)

Enviado em 08/05/2021 - 13:48h

Prezados,
Boa tarde

Tenho um roteador Xiaomi do modelo R1D. Ele tem um HD de 1TB interno e tem em seu sistema o samba. Acontece que notei uma queda de desempenho do mesmo e resolvi atualizar o firmware dele. Ai começaram meus problemas. Eu tenho acesso as pastas só que apenas como somente leitura. Acredito que alguma configuração no samba se perdeu, e não consigo fazer funcionar direito. Poderia dar uma olhada no arquivo de configuração.
[global]
netbios name = Xiaomi_327D
interfaces = br-lan
bind interfaces only = yes
server string = Share from router
unix charset = UTF8
workgroup = WORKGROUP
browseable = yes
deadtime = 30
domain master = yes
encrypt passwords = true
enable core files = no
guest account = nobody
guest ok = yes
invalid users =
local master = yes
load printers = no
map to guest = Bad User
min receivefile size = 16384
null passwords = yes
obey pam restrictions = yes
passdb backend = smbpasswd
preferred master = yes
printable = no
smb encrypt = disabled
smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd
socket options = SO_SNDBUFFORCE=8388608 SO_RCVBUFFORCE=8388608
smb2 max trans = 1048576
smb2 max write = 1048576
smb2 max read = 1048576
write cache size = 262144
syslog = 2
syslog only = yes
use sendfile = yes
writeable = yes
log level = 1
unicode = True
max log size = 500
log file = /tmp/log/samba.log
default cpumask = 0x2
ifgroup ifnames = eth0.1
ifgroup cpumask = 0x2
ifgroup ifnames = wl0,wl1
ifgroup cpumask = 0x1
server role = STANDALONE

[homes]
comment = Home Directories
browsable = no
read only = no
create mode = 0750

[XiaoMi]
path = /userdisk/data
read only = no
guest ok = yes
create mask = 0777
directory mask = 0777
browseable = no
force user = root

[TDDOWNLOAD]
path = /userdisk/data/TDDOWNLOAD
read only = no
guest ok = yes
create mask = 0666
directory mask = 0777
browseable = yes
force user = root

[下载]
path = /userdisk/data/下载
read only = no
guest ok = yes
create mask = 0666
directory mask = 0777
browseable = yes
force user = root



Grato desde já


  


2. Re: Configuração de SAMBA em um Roteador NAS

Diego Mendes Rodrigues
diegomrodrigues

(usa Ubuntu)

Enviado em 08/05/2021 - 15:59h

Fiz pequenas alterações no seu arquivo de configuração:

[global]
netbios name = Xiaomi_327D
interfaces = br-lan
bind interfaces only = yes
server string = Share from router
unix charset = UTF8
workgroup = WORKGROUP
browseable = yes
deadtime = 30
domain master = yes
encrypt passwords = true
enable core files = no
guest account = nobody
guest ok = yes
invalid users =
local master = yes
load printers = no
map to guest = Bad User
min receivefile size = 16384
null passwords = yes
obey pam restrictions = yes
passdb backend = smbpasswd
preferred master = yes
printable = no
smb encrypt = disabled
smb passwd file = /etc/samba/smbpasswd
socket options = SO_SNDBUFFORCE=8388608 SO_RCVBUFFORCE=8388608
smb2 max trans = 1048576
smb2 max write = 1048576
smb2 max read = 1048576
write cache size = 262144
syslog = 2
syslog only = yes
use sendfile = yes
writeable = yes
log level = 1
unicode = True
max log size = 500
log file = /tmp/log/samba.log
default cpumask = 0x2
ifgroup ifnames = eth0.1
ifgroup cpumask = 0x2
ifgroup ifnames = wl0,wl1
ifgroup cpumask = 0x1
;server role = STANDALONE
server role = standalone server


[homes]
comment = Home Directories
browsable = no
read only = no
create mode = 0750

[XiaoMi]
comment = XiaoMi
path = /userdisk/data
read only = no
guest ok = yes
create mask = 0777
directory mask = 0777
browseable = no
force user = root

[TDDOWNLOAD]
path = /userdisk/data/TDDOWNLOAD
read only = no
guest ok = yes
;create mask = 0666
create mask = 0777
directory mask = 0777
browseable = yes
force user = root
writable = yes
available = yes
browsable = yes

[下载]
path = /userdisk/data/下载
read only = no
guest ok = yes
create mask = 0666
directory mask = 0777
browseable = yes
force user = root


Veja um arquivo de configuração que utilizo em um SAMBA interno:


#
# Sample configuration file for the Samba suite for Debian GNU/Linux.
#
#
# This is the main Samba configuration file. You should read the
# smb.conf(5) manual page in order to understand the options listed
# here. Samba has a huge number of configurable options most of which
# are not shown in this example
#
# Some options that are often worth tuning have been included as
# commented-out examples in this file.
# - When such options are commented with ";", the proposed setting
# differs from the default Samba behaviour
# - When commented with "#", the proposed setting is the default
# behaviour of Samba but the option is considered important
# enough to be mentioned here
#
# NOTE: Whenever you modify this file you should run the command
# "testparm" to check that you have not made any basic syntactic
# errors.

#======================= Global Settings =======================

[global]

## Browsing/Identification ###

# Change this to the workgroup/NT-domain name your Samba server will part of
workgroup = WORKGROUP

#### Networking ####

# The specific set of interfaces / networks to bind to
# This can be either the interface name or an IP address/netmask;
# interface names are normally preferred
; interfaces = 127.0.0.0/8 eth0

# Only bind to the named interfaces and/or networks; you must use the
# 'interfaces' option above to use this.
# It is recommended that you enable this feature if your Samba machine is
# not protected by a firewall or is a firewall itself. However, this
# option cannot handle dynamic or non-broadcast interfaces correctly.
; bind interfaces only = yes



#### Debugging/Accounting ####

# This tells Samba to use a separate log file for each machine
# that connects
log file = /var/log/samba/log.%m

# Cap the size of the individual log files (in KiB).
max log size = 1000

# We want Samba to only log to /var/log/samba/log.{smbd,nmbd}.
# Append [email protected] if you want important messages to be sent to syslog too.
logging = file

# Do something sensible when Samba crashes: mail the admin a backtrace
panic action = /usr/share/samba/panic-action %d


####### Authentication #######

# Server role. Defines in which mode Samba will operate. Possible
# values are "standalone server", "member server", "classic primary
# domain controller", "classic backup domain controller", "active
# directory domain controller".
#
# Most people will want "standalone server" or "member server".
# Running as "active directory domain controller" will require first
# running "samba-tool domain provision" to wipe databases and create a
# new domain.
server role = standalone server

obey pam restrictions = yes

# This boolean parameter controls whether Samba attempts to sync the Unix
# password with the SMB password when the encrypted SMB password in the
# passdb is changed.
unix password sync = yes

# For Unix password sync to work on a Debian GNU/Linux system, the following
# parameters must be set (thanks to Ian Kahan <<[email protected]> for
# sending the correct chat script for the passwd program in Debian Sarge).
passwd program = /usr/bin/passwd %u
passwd chat = *Enter\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *Retype\snew\s*\spassword:* %n\n *password\supdated\ssuccessfully* .

# This boolean controls whether PAM will be used for password changes
# when requested by an SMB client instead of the program listed in
# 'passwd program'. The default is 'no'.
pam password change = yes

# This option controls how unsuccessful authentication attempts are mapped
# to anonymous connections
map to guest = bad user

########## Domains ###########

#
# The following settings only takes effect if 'server role = primary
# classic domain controller', 'server role = backup domain controller'
# or 'domain logons' is set
#

# It specifies the location of the user's
# profile directory from the client point of view) The following
# required a [profiles] share to be setup on the samba server (see
# below)
; logon path = \\%N\profiles\%U
# Another common choice is storing the profile in the user's home directory
# (this is Samba's default)
# logon path = \\%N\%U\profile

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the location of a user's home directory (from the client
# point of view)
; logon drive = H:
# logon home = \\%N\%U

# The following setting only takes effect if 'domain logons' is set
# It specifies the script to run during logon. The script must be stored
# in the [netlogon] share
# NOTE: Must be store in 'DOS' file format convention
; logon script = logon.cmd

# This allows Unix users to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe. The example command creates a user account with a disabled Unix
# password; please adapt to your needs
; add user script = /usr/sbin/adduser --quiet --disabled-password --gecos "" %u

# This allows machine accounts to be created on the domain controller via the
# SAMR RPC pipe.
# The following assumes a "machines" group exists on the system
; add machine script = /usr/sbin/useradd -g machines -c "%u machine account" -d /var/lib/samba -s /bin/false %u

# This allows Unix groups to be created on the domain controller via the SAMR
# RPC pipe.
; add group script = /usr/sbin/addgroup --force-badname %g

############ Misc ############

# Using the following line enables you to customise your configuration
# on a per machine basis. The %m gets replaced with the netbios name
# of the machine that is connecting
; include = /home/samba/etc/smb.conf.%m

# Some defaults for winbind (make sure you're not using the ranges
# for something else.)
; idmap config * : backend = tdb
; idmap config * : range = 3000-7999
; idmap config YOURDOMAINHERE : backend = tdb
; idmap config YOURDOMAINHERE : range = 100000-999999
; template shell = /bin/bash

# Setup usershare options to enable non-root users to share folders
# with the net usershare command.

# Maximum number of usershare. 0 means that usershare is disabled.
# usershare max shares = 100

# Allow users who've been granted usershare privileges to create
# public shares, not just authenticated ones
usershare allow guests = yes

#======================= Share Definitions =======================

[homes]
comment = Home Directories
browseable = no

# By default, the home directories are exported read-only. Change the
# next parameter to 'no' if you want to be able to write to them.
read only = yes

# File creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create files with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
create mask = 0700

# Directory creation mask is set to 0700 for security reasons. If you want to
# create dirs. with group=rw permissions, set next parameter to 0775.
directory mask = 0700

# By default, \\server\username shares can be connected to by anyone
# with access to the samba server.
# The following parameter makes sure that only "username" can connect
# to \\server\username
# This might need tweaking when using external authentication schemes
valid users = %S

# Un-comment the following and create the netlogon directory for Domain Logons
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
;[netlogon]
; comment = Network Logon Service
; path = /home/samba/netlogon
; guest ok = yes
; read only = yes

# Un-comment the following and create the profiles directory to store
# users profiles (see the "logon path" option above)
# (you need to configure Samba to act as a domain controller too.)
# The path below should be writable by all users so that their
# profile directory may be created the first time they log on
;[profiles]
; comment = Users profiles
; path = /home/samba/profiles
; guest ok = no
; browseable = no
; create mask = 0600
; directory mask = 0700

[printers]
comment = All Printers
browseable = no
path = /var/spool/samba
printable = yes
guest ok = no
read only = yes
create mask = 0700

# Windows clients look for this share name as a source of downloadable
# printer drivers
[print$]
comment = Printer Drivers
path = /var/lib/samba/printers
browseable = yes
read only = yes
guest ok = no
# Uncomment to allow remote administration of Windows print drivers.
# You may need to replace 'lpadmin' with the name of the group your
# admin users are members of.
# Please note that you also need to set appropriate Unix permissions
# to the drivers directory for these users to have write rights in it
; write list = root, @lpadmin

[Arquivos]
comment = Arquivos de Backup
path=/media/hd2tb
public = yes
read only = no
writable = yes
available = yes
browsable = yes


Atenciosamente,
Diego M. Rodrigues


3. Re: Configuração de SAMBA em um Roteador NAS

MARCIO ANDERSON GOMES CONCEICAO
marcio_fsa

(usa Ubuntu)

Enviado em 08/05/2021 - 20:51h


Obrigado Diego pela reposta. Fiz as alterações mas quando reinicio o serviço do samba ele volta a configuração original.


4. Re: Configuração de SAMBA em um Roteador NAS

MARCIO ANDERSON GOMES CONCEICAO
marcio_fsa

(usa Ubuntu)

Enviado em 10/05/2021 - 16:03h

Se alguém tiver mais alguma idéia, fico grato.